Mandalay, previous official name was Yadanabon, meaning the city of gems.Mandalayis the second largest city in Myanmar and was established in 1857 by king Mindone.The city earned its name after the 236-meter high Mandalay hill. The beautiful scene of the whole city can be seen from the hill.Mandalay has the Royal Palace of the last Konbaung Dynasty. Mandalay inherits many cultural heritage from the ancient Myanmar Kingdoms and beautiful places to visit. Mandalay is best known not only for its rich traditional, cultural and spiritual splendor but also exquisite handicraft such as hand-woven embroidery in silk and cotton,the incredible process of making gold leaves, wood and stone carving and bronze casting etc. It is surrounded by its ancient neighboring cities as Mingun, Sagaing, Innwa (Ava), and Amarapura. Rudyard Kipling's "The Road to Mandalay," made the name of the last capital of Myanmar kings familiar even to those who had never heard of Myanmar or Burma,it is situated about 600 kilometers north of Yangon on the east bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River and in the upper part of Myanmar.You can be reached by air, rail, road or river; Flying is the best way to travel.